Tenant's Toolkit

Criteria

Your property is a house in multiple occupation (HMO) if both of the following apply:

  • at least 3 tenants live there, forming more than 1 household
  • they share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities with other tenants

Note: From 1 October, smaller properties (i.e. any storey height) that house five or more people in two or more separate households will also require a licence.

Your property is a large HMO if all of the following apply:

  • at least 5 tenants live there, forming more than 1 household
  • they share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities with other tenants

A household is either a single person or members of the same family who live together. A family includes people who are:

  • married or living together - including people in same-sex relationships
  • relatives or half-relatives, for example grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings
  • step-parents and step-children
  • If you already have an HMO license under the current definition, this will continue to be valid until the license expiration date (usually 5 years from date of issue). After the expiration you will need to apply for a new license as usual.
  • If you currently let an HMO which didn’t previously require licensing but will do after the new order comes into effect later in the year, then you will need to apply for a license through the local council.
  • There is an important exception: if the property is in a purpose-built block of flats comprising 3 or more units

A full list of HMO property types can be found here.